Michelle P. Salyers Ph.D.

Professor, Psychology
Director, Clinical Psychology Program
Co-Director, ACT Center of Indiana
Affiliated Scientist, Regenstrief Institute, Inc.


1998 Ph.D., Clinical Rehabilitation Psychology - Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI)
1996 M.S., Clinical Rehabilitation Psychology - IUPUI
1989 B.S., Psychology - Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana

Current Research

              My broad area of research interest is psychiatric rehabilitation, focusing on adults with severe mental illnesses.  I believe mental health services should be based on the best available evidence and address the skills and supports consumers of those services need in order to manage illnesses more independently and achieve recovery goals. My work addresses the level of consumers, staff, and mental health programs.
              At the consumer level, living successfully with chronic health conditions requires that consumers become active collaborators in illness management. I have been developing a program of research to address this area using the Illness Management and Recovery (IMR) program.  IMR is a curriculum-based approach to helping consumers set and achieve personal recovery goals and acquire the knowledge and skills to independently manage their illnesses.  IMR brings together five empirically supported interventions: psychoeducation, cognitive-behavioral approaches to medication adherence, relapse prevention, social skills training, and coping skills training (http://www.psych.iupui.edu/ACT/EBPs/IMR/IMR%20Index.html).  We have completed several studies of this intervention including a randomized controlled trial of IMR for people with schizophrenia funded by the VA.
              Mental health providers work under a great deal of pressure, often without much support or financial incentives.  Turnover rates are high, and burnout can be a large problem.  My dissertation was focused on understanding staff burnout, and recently I have returned to this topic.  Working with colleagues across the country, we developed a staff burnout intervention and have begun testing the program (called BREATHE).  Our pilot work showed promising results, and we are expanding this research into more rigorous testing of the intervention over longer periods of time.  We currently have federal funding by the VA and PCORI for randomized trials of the BREATHE intervention.  We were recently funded to adapt BREATHE for cancer care providers.  I have also been conducting work on staff beliefs and attitudes about recovery because this can be a critical part of helping consumers in their own recovery.
              At the program level, I am interested in how to help mental health service providers deliver services that are based on the best research evidence.  Much of my work in this area has been with Assertive Community Treatment.  At the program level, we provide training and consultation, we measure program implementation (fidelity) and consumer outcomes, and we work with policy makers to help establishing funding that will encourage evidence-based practice.  See the ACT Center of Indiana website for more information(http://www.psych.iupui.edu/ACT/index.html).

Select Publications

Salyers, M. P., Fukui, S., Rollins, A. L., Firmin, R. L., Gearhart, T., Noll, J. P., Williams, S., & Davis, C.J. (in press). Burnout and Perceived Quality of Care in Community Mental Health. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research. (NIHMSID 573111).

Salyers, M. P., McGuire, A. B., Kukla, M., Fukui, S., Lysaker, P.H., & Mueser, K. T. (in press). A randomized controlled trial of Illness Management and Recovery with an active control condition. Psychiatric Services

McGuire, A. B., Kukla, M., Green, A., Gilbride, D., Mueser, K. and Salyers, M. P. (2014). Illness management and recovery: A review of the literature. Psychiatric Services, 65, 171-179.

Salyers, M. P., Matthias, M. S., Sidenbender, S., Green, A. (2013). Patient activation in schizophrenia: Insights from stories of illness and recovery. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 40, 419-427. (Online publication September 2012)

Salyers, M. P., Matthias, M. S., Fukui, S., Holter, M. C., Collins, L., Rose, N., Thompson, J., Coffman, M., Torrey, W. C. (2012). A coding system to measure elements of shared decision-making during psychiatric visits, Psychiatric Services, 63, 779-784.

Matthias, M. S., Salyers, M. P., Rollins, A. L. & Frankel, R. M. (2012). Decision making in recovery-oriented mental health care. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 35, 305-314.

Morse, G. M., Salyers, M. P., Rollins, A. L., Monroe-DeVita, M., & Pfahler, C. (2011). Burnout and mental health services: A review of the problem and its remediation. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research

Salyers, M. P., Hudson, C., Morse, G., Rollins, A., Monroe-DeVita, M., Wilson, C., & Freeland, L. (2011). BREATHE: A Pilot Study of a One-Day Retreat to Reduce Burnout Among Mental Health Professionals, Psychiatric Services, 62, 214-217.

Salyers, M. P., McGuire, A. B., Rollins, A. L., Bond, G. R., Mueser, K. T., & Macy, V. (2010). Integrating assertive community treatment and illness management and recovery for consumers with severe mental illness. Community Mental Health Journal, 46, 319-329.

Salyers, M. P., Matthias, M. S., Spann, C. L., Lydick, J. M., Rollins, A. L., & Frankel, R. M. (2009). The role of patient activation in psychiatric visits. Psychiatric Services, 60(11), 1535-1539.

Salyers, M. P., Godfrey, J. L., McGuire, A. B., Gearhart, T., Rollins, A. L., & Boyle, C. (2009).  Implementing Illness Management and Recovery for consumers with severe mental illness. Psychiatric Services, 60(4), 483-490.

Salyers, M. P., & Tsemberis, S. (2007). ACT and recovery: Integrating evidence-based practice and recovery orientation on Assertive Community Treatment teams. Community Mental Health Journal, 43(6), 619-641.

Salyers, M. P., McKasson, R. M., Bond, G.R., McGrew, J. M., Rollins, A. L., & Boyle C. (2007). The role of technical assistance centers in implementing evidence-based practices: Lessons learned. American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation, 10(2), 85-101.